Credit Check Impact on Mortgage Pre-Approval
April 2, 2024

Getting pre-approved for a mortgage is a big step in buying a home. But what about the impact on your credit score? This guide dives into how credit checks work during pre-approval. We'll explain the difference between soft and hard inquiries, and how to keep your credit healthy throughout the process.

Soft vs. Hard Inquiries: Understanding the Difference:

In the realm of credit assessment, distinguishing between soft and hard inquiries is paramount:

1. Soft Inquiries:

  • Definition and Examples: Soft inquiries occur when your credit report is accessed for background checks, devoid of specific credit applications. Common instances include landlord screenings or preapproval checks from companies.
  • Impact on Credit Score:  Unlike their hard counterparts, soft inquiries leave your credit score unscathed, akin to a mere whisper in the financial realm.
  • Visibility and Duration:  While they populate your credit report, they remain invisible to subsequent credit checks and have no lasting impact on your score.

2. Hard Inquiries:

  • Significance and Examples:  Hard inquiries arise when actively seeking new credit, such as mortgage applications or car loans. These inquiries are initiated by lenders to evaluate your creditworthiness.
  • Credit Score Implications: Each hard inquiry may marginally decrease your credit score, typically by fewer than five points, albeit temporarily.
  • Rate Shopping Exception: Notably, when rate shopping for loans, multiple inquiries within a concise time frame amalgamate into a singular inquiry, mitigating adverse effects on your credit score.

Credit Check Impact on Mortgage Pre-Approval:

Let's understand the different types of credit inquiries and how they affect your credit score.

1. Hard Inquiries:

  • Insight and Examples:Hard inquiries entail rigorous assessments of your credit file, triggered by credit applications like mortgages or credit cards.
  • Credit Score Dynamics: While each hard inquiry may cause a slight dip in your credit score, its repercussions are transient, lasting less than a year.
  • Rate Shopping Wisdom: Engaging in rate shopping within a condensed time frame minimizes the detrimental effects of multiple inquiries, safeguarding your credit score.

2. Soft Inquiries:

  • Definition and Instances: Soft inquiries, devoid of specific credit applications, serve background purposes such as rental screenings or preapproval assessments.
  • Credit Score Preservation:Remarkably, soft inquiries exert no influence on your credit score, preserving its integrity amid routine checks.

How to Monitor Credit Report for Preapproval?

Maintaining vigilant oversight of your credit report is pivotal, particularly during the mortgage preapproval phase:

1. Free Weekly Credit Report:

Accessibility: Leverage platforms like to obtain complimentary weekly credit reports from major bureaus, facilitating regular scrutiny for inaccuracies.

2. Equifax Mortgage Preapproval Credit Report:

  • Distinct Offering: Equifax furnishes a specialized Mortgage Preapproval Credit Report, tailored for mortgage preapproval assessments, sans triggers for prescreening.

3. Credit Monitoring Services:

Comprehensive Vigilance: Invest in reputable credit monitoring services offering triple bureau protection, identity theft insurance, and dark web scanning functionalities.

4. Considerations:

  • Cost Efficiency:  Assess the affordability of credit monitoring services vis-à-vis their offered features.
  • Scope of Monitoring:  Prioritize services encompassing all major credit bureaus and employing FICO score models.
  • Enhanced Security Measures: Opt for services equipped with robust identity theft insurance and dark web surveillance capabilities.


This blog offers general insights into credit checks during mortgage pre-approval. For personalized advice, it's best to consult with a financial expert or consultant familiar with your specific circumstances.

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