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Post-Closing Costs: What Are They?

Post-closing costs refer to the expenses incurred after a real estate closing. These costs include various tasks such as preparing and recording documents, paying off existing mortgages, obtaining releases for liens, paying final bills like water bills, and handling other post-closing duties. What are the ongoing expenses after closing on a home? After closing on a home, there are ongoing expenses that homeowners need to consider. These ongoing expenses include: 1.Property Taxes: Homeowners are responsible for paying property taxes, which can vary based on the location and value of the property. 2.Homeowners Insurance: Homeowners need to maintain insurance coverage to protect their property from damage or loss. 3.Maintenance and Repairs: Regular maintenance and occasional repairs are essential to keep the home in good condition and prevent costly issues in the future. 4.Utilities: Monthly utility bills for electricity, water, gas, internet, and other services are ongoing expenses that homeowners need to budget for. 5.Homeowners Association (HOA) Fees: If the property is part of an HOA, homeowners need to pay regular fees for maintenance of common areas and amenities. These ongoing expenses are important considerations for homeowners to manage their finances effectively and maintain their property in good condition. How are property taxes calculated and when are they due? Property taxes are calculated based on the value of the property, including both the land and buildings on it. Tax assessors determine the property's value every one to five years and charge the owner based on the assessed property value and the mill levy or millage tax. The mill levy is the total tax rate levied on the property value, with one mill representing one-tenth of one cent. For example, if a property's assessed value is $500,000 and the assessment rate is 8%, the assessed value would be $40,000. Multiplying this by the mill levy (e.g., 4.5%) gives the tax due amount To calculate property taxes: �Determine the assessed value of the property based on market conditions. �Multiply the assessed value by the assessment rate to get the taxable value. �Multiply the taxable value by the mill levy to calculate the total tax liability. Property taxes are calculated based on the assessed value of the property and are typically due annually or semi-annually. These taxes fund local government services such as schools, roads, and emergency services. Property taxes are due at different times depending on the property's assessed value. In New York City, for example, property tax bills are mailed four times a year, with payment due dates varying based on the assessed property value. Properties valued at $250,000 or less have quarterly payment due dates, while those valued over $250,000 have semi-annual payment due dates. The due dates for property taxes in New York City are as follows: �Quarterly Payment Due Dates: oJuly 1 oOctober 1 oJanuary 1 oApril 1 �Semi-Annual Payment Due Dates: oJuly 1 oJanuary 1 It's important to pay property taxes on time to avoid penalties and potential liens on the property. If payment is not received or postmarked by the due date, it is considered late, and interest will be charged on late payments. What are HOA fees and how much should be budgeted for them? HOA fees, or Homeowners Association fees, are regular payments made by homeowners to cover the costs of maintaining common areas and amenities within a community. These fees are used to fund various expenses such as common area maintenance, utilities, insurance, repairs, and administrative costs. It is essential for homeowners to budget for these fees as they contribute to the overall upkeep and management of the community. To budget for HOA fees effectively, homeowners should consider allocating a portion of their monthly expenses towards these fees. Additionally, setting aside funds for unexpected expenses or special projects that may arise within the community is advisable. It is recommended to put at least 20% of HOA fees into a reserve fund every year to cover additional expenses and avoid the need for special assessments. What are utility deposits and are they refundable? A utility deposit, also known as a security deposit, is an amount paid by a new customer to a public utility (such as electricity, natural gas, or telephone companies) before services are provided. This deposit acts as a safeguard for the utility in case of non-payment or delinquency. Utility deposits are typically refundable after a certain period of time, usually around six months of timely payments.The refund process for utility deposits varies but generally involves the utility company returning the deposit, along with any accumulated interest, to the customer after deducting any unpaid utility service bills. How much should be allocated for ongoing maintenance costs? When budgeting for ongoing maintenance costs, it is recommended to allocate approximately 2% to 5% of the total replacement asset value (RAV) towards maintenance expenses.This metric, known as %RAV, helps facility and maintenance managers determine when to spend on maintenance versus when it might be more cost-effective to replace an asset altogether.Maintenance costs are essential for keeping assets in optimal condition and can include various expenses such as repairs, routine maintenance, spare parts, consumables, and even entirely new assets if necessary. What are common repair and renovation costs post-closing? Common repair and renovation costs post-closing can vary depending on the specific needs of the property. Here are some typical repair and renovation costs that homeowners may encounter: 1.Mold Remediation: The cost of professional mold remediation can range from $500 to $6,000 or more, depending on the severity of the mold issue. 2.Renovation Costs: Renovation costs can vary significantly based on the scope of work needed. For example, an investor may need to budget around $30,000 for repairs on a fixer-upper property. 3.Home Maintenance: Home maintenance costs are ongoing and can include expenses like replacing appliances, repairing fixtures, and general upkeep. These costs are essential for keeping the property in good condition and can vary based on the age and condition of the home. 4.Exterior Renovations: Exterior renovations such as roofing replacement, siding replacement, window replacement, and deck additions can range in cost from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars, depending on the specific project. 5.Kitchen Renovations: Renovating a kitchen can cost anywhere from $26,790 to $154,483 on average, depending on the extent of the renovations and the quality of materials used. 6.Bathroom Renovations: Bathroom renovations typically cost between $24,606 to $76,827 on average and can include updates like new flooring, showers/tubs, and vanities. 7.Interior Repainting: Repainting interior walls every three to five years is a common maintenance task that can cost between $1.50 to $4 per square foot for professional painting services. 8.Trash Compactor Replacement: Replacing a trash compactor, which typically lasts up to 10 years, can cost between $1,000 to $1,500 for a new unit plus installation fees. These are just a few examples of common repair and renovation costs that homeowners may encounter post-closing. Summary: The information provided in this blog is for general informational purposes only. For personalized advice on post-closing costs, ongoing expenses, property taxes, HOA fees, utility deposits, maintenance, and repairs, it's recommended to consult a qualified expert in real estate, finance, or law. Their guidance can ensure you understand your obligations and make informed decisions tailored to your specific circumstances.